It is the responsibility of the Payette County Sheriff’s office to uphold the Constitution and enforce State and local laws. Citizens are not always familiar with State and local laws. The laws are all online and easy to access. You can read the laws for the State of Idaho at https://legislature.idaho.gov/statutesrules/idstat/ . When having contact with law enforcement, it is quite often in reference to the laws found under Title 18, 25, 37 and 49. The local ordinances can also be found online at https://www.sterlingcodifiers.com/codebook/index.php?book_id=371 .
There are some common misconceptions about the rules of the road. For example, when the Speed Limit sign says 45 mph… it truly does mean that the fastest you are legally able to drive is 45 MPH. You also cannot speed up before reaching the sign; however, when the speed limit is being reduced, you must slow prior to the new speed limit sign. There is only one exception to this rule. When passing another vehicle on a two-lane highway you can accelerate up to 15 MPH over the posted speed limit in order to complete the pass.
This passing exception has some specifics to when you are able to exceed the posted speed limit. The language from the specific law is below.
“Subject to all other applicable motor vehicles laws, a driver of a passenger car, motorcycle or pickup truck, not towing any other vehicle, may exceed the posted speed limit by up to fifteen (15) miles per hour while passing another vehicle traveling at less than the posted speed limit, in order to safely pass the vehicle. The overtaking vehicle shall return to the right-hand lane and reduce speed to the posted speed limit as soon as practicable. This paragraph shall be applicable only to passing on the left upon roadways divided into two (2) lanes providing only one (1) lane of traffic in each direction and where the posted speed limit is fifty-five (55) miles per hour or greater. This paragraph shall not be applicable in construction zones. For purposes of basic rule violations and penalties imposed pursuant to this section and Idaho infraction rule 9, the fifteen (15) mile per hour allowance in passing situations provided in this paragraph shall be deemed to be the maximum speed limit from which fines are determined.”
Some people often feel like a Deputy cannot stop you or write a citation to you for traveling between 1 to 10 over the speed limit; however, any amount over the speed limit is against the law. Until you pass the next sign, continue at the speed for the last speed limit sign. Speed limits vary in different areas.
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